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The 8 Most Deadly Female Fighters Around the World

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Women are one of the most beautiful creations from God, but when it comes to fighting, it can get pretty ugly at times. Therefore, we have decided to compile the list of the Most Deadly Female Fighters in the world at this very moment! Whether you’re looking for an MMA fighter or one from UFC, you will surely find one on our list!

Amanda Nunes 

amenda-nunes

Source:https://www.instagram.com/p/CMBRKdWDOIu/

Amanda Nunes is a Brazilian mixed martial artist who currently competes in UFC women’s Bantamweight division. Amanda Nunes holds black belts in Brazilian jiu-jitsu and Taekwondo, and formerly competed in Muay Thai. She is called as “The Lioness” in the martial world.

As per UFA Records Books, she is currently ranked as the is number 1 in the world with 11 Wins,  Number 1 in Finishes with 8, Number 1 in KO/TKO wins,  Number 1 in Win Streak, Number 1 in Title Fights Wins, Number 1 in Knockdowns Landed.  With all these titles, no wonder why she is called as Amanda Nunes The Lioness and is surely among Deadly Female Fighters . 

Age: 33 

Weight: 135 lbs

Title: Women’s Featherweight Champion

Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/amanda_leoa

Also Read: Large aquatic animals are being hunted and traded

Julianna Pena

julianna-pena

Source: https://www.instagram.com/p/CXY0GuzJ422/

Julianna Pena aka Venezuelan Vixen but she earned that name by being one of, if not, THE best female bantamweight fighters in MMA today. Just a few years ago, her career looked to be over when she tore her ACL during training. She is currently ranked #1 Champion on Women’s Bantamweight. She has 3 wins by Knockout, 6 wins by Submissions and 3 wins by decision under her belt. Her most recent fight which she won was against Amanda Nunes on 12 December 2021. No wonder she is why considered in the Deadly Female Fighters list.

Age: 32

Weight: 135 lbs

Title: Women’s Bantamweight Champion 

Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/venezuelanvixen

Valentina Shevchenko

Valentina Shevchenko

Source: https://www.instagram.com/p/CZmMEJZgy8K/

Valentina Shevchenko is called “Bullet” in the fighting world. She was born in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan which was once part of USSR. She is a striker that has built a solid resume by putting opponents away with strikes. She’s a black belt in taekwondo and kickboxing but primarily fights out of Tiger Muay Thai in Thailand where she trains regularly with other great fighters. Outside of fighting, she’s also known for being an animal rights activist and likes to travel around to raise awareness.  She has 9 Fight Win Streaks, 9 Wins by Knockout and 6 Wins by Decisions in her martial art career. 

Age: 33

Weight: 125 lbs

Title: Women’s Flyweight Champion 

Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/bulletvalentina/

 

Read  The rise of female UFC fighters obscures profound exploitation, inequality

Rose Namajunas

rose-namajunas

Source: https://www.instagram.com/p/CN7wOXWJSqV/

Rose Namajunas also, known as “Thug”. UFC Strawweight Champion and a Muay Thai kickboxer out of Milwaukee, Wisconsin. She’s got vicious elbows, knees, and clinches. Her dominant fighting style has earned her several titles including Invicta FC Strawweight Championship (formerly known as Invictus Fighting Championships), Muay Thai Pro-Am 135-pound championship title, KOTC 115-pound women’s title, and IMMAF European 125 kg Championship gold medal in amateur MMA. She began training in martial arts at age 10 after her mother rescued her from an abusive situation involving family members.

Age: 29

Weight: 115 lbs

Title: Women’s Strawweight Division 

Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/rosenamajunas/

Bi Nguyen

Bi-Nguyen

Source: https://www.instagram.com/p/CIZN8Xyp9F8/

Bi Nguyen (born July 23, 1993) Vietnamize born , an American female mixed martial artist. She is called “Killer Bee” in the Martial world. Bi Nruyen is surely beautiful but more ruthless and stands in the Most Deadly Female Fighters list. She competed in Invicta FC. In September 2014, she became the inaugural Invicta FC Strawweight Champion by defeating Lisa Ellis via submission in round three. Nguyen lost her title in her first defense to Livia Renata Souza via Armbar submission in round one at Invicta FC 10: Waterson vs. Tamada on April 24, 2015. Fight record Win/Loss 0-1 -(vs. Michelle Waterson) 1-0 -(vs. Lisa Ellis) 1-1-(vs. Livia Renata Souza ) 0-1-(vs. Angela Hill ) 2-3-(vs.

Age: 28

Weight: 115.7427lbs

Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/killerbeemma/

Also Read: The Rise of the TikTok Tabloid

Ronda Rousey

ronda-rousey

Source:https://www.instagram.com/p/BmSa8P3BxtA/

Nest in our Deadly Female Fighters list is no other than Ronda Rousey grew up in California and started her martial arts career in Judo at age 11. Ronda is an Olympic Bronze Medalist and has been undefeated for nearly eight years as a mixed martial artist. She is considered one of the most talented women fighters around with a record of 12 wins, 0 losses, 1 draw, and 10 KO’s. Her fastest KO was only 16 seconds into her first-round match against Julia Budd in August 2014. It is hard to not agree that she should be rated number one on our list… or any list for that matter! The first American female to earn an Olympic medal in judo by winning bronze at the 2008 Summer Olympics.

She has worked in many blockbuster movies like, The Expendables 3, Furious 7 , Entourage, Charlie’s Angels and more. Similarly, she has shown her talent on Honoo-no Taiiku-kai TV, Drunk History, Blindspot, 9-1-1, Total Divas and Game On!

Ronda Rousey now is currently signed up with WWE and showing her talent. 

Age: 34

Weight: 135 lbs.

Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/rondarousey

Megumi Fujii

Megumi-Fujii

Source: https://mymmanews.com/becoming-mega-megu-the-megumi-fujii-story/

Megumi Fujii is a retired Japanese mixed martial. She has 26 wins and 3 losses in her STRAWWEIGHT career. She holds an undefeated record in 16 matches (19-0-2) and has defeated some of MMA’s most accomplished fighters, including Jessica Aguilar, Tara LaRosa, Roxanne Modafferi, and Joanne Calderwood. In 2007 she also won a gold medal at both FILA Grappling Worlds as well as ADCC Submission Wrestling Championships. She is widely considered one of the greatest female fighters to ever live. Fujii currently fights for Smackgirl in Japan but made her American debut when signing with Invicta FC last year. 

 

Age: 47

Weight: 115lbs

Stamp Fairtex

stamp-fairtex

Source: https://www.instagram.com/p/CKLBXo_p554/

In Muay Thai and kickboxing, Fairtex is considered a three-division champion having won titles in three weight classes (lightweight, middleweight, and super heavyweight). From these accomplishments alone, it’s easy to see why she’s considered one of Thailand’s best female fighters. Like many female fighters from Thailand, Stamp also has a background in Muay Thai or Krabi Krabong. Her first major title came in 2006 when she defeated Luda Chan for her WAKO PRO world super lightweight title. In 2007, she competed against Luda Chan again but lost via unanimous decision. Following that loss, she went on an impressive winning streak.

She has 8 wins and 1 lose in her STRAWWEIGHT career.

 

Age: 24

Weight: 115lbs

Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/stamp_fairtex/

Beautiful But Deadly Female Fighters

Mixed martial arts is one of the fastest-growing sports in America and also all over the world. But still, there are not many women fighters in it because Fighting has always been a male-dominated sport. Here we have shared some Deadly Female Fighters from around the world to make some changes in it so that more women can participate in MMA and UFC fights. Hope you liked our list, don’t forget to share it with your friends through social media sites like Facebook, Twitter, etc.

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Stress Of Transitions In Life And Sport

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Stress Of Transitions In Life And Sport

“Disenchantment, whether it is a minor disappointment or a major shock, is the signal that things are moving into transition in our lives.”
William Bridges

“Any change, even a change for the better, is always accompanied by drawbacks and discomforts.”
Arnold Bennett

“Change is the only constant”
Anonymous

“Growth means change and change involves risk, stepping from the known to the unknown.”
Anonymous

“When you’re finished changing, you’re finished.”
Benjamin Franklin

All throughout the year, but every August and September in particular, I receive many emails and phone calls from parents asking for mental help with their sons and daughters as they move into new schools, new coaching staffs, new living arrangements, new team mates, new coaching styles, new techniques, new playbooks, and many other new demands.

For over 40 years, I have been very successful helping young people manage these pressures and in helping them regain their confidence. I have a unique insight into this process, because I saw this phenomenon “up close and personal” as a Division I Head Coach at two west-coast universities and then also as a mental game coach.

The key word is transition. All of the situations described here in transition require adaptation and change. That takes a lot of mental strength, and a lot of good old-fashioned problem-solving. The athlete is not only facing new challenges, but they are leaving behind former support structures and trusted support people that were always there for them. Now they can feel very alone.

These are larger pressures for newer college athletes and they often become derailed in trying to figure out how to cope in the face of multiple new challenges, many of them happening all at once.

Transitions That Cause Stress In Life

Even life transitions that are positive can be challenging to deal with, because newness requires extra focus, better planning, improved systems and sharper mental organization. Life events that are positive and joyous can cause stress and can demand news ways of coping. For example, these are all “happy” situations that have caused plenty of people stress when experiencing them:

    1. Marriage of a family member
    2. Gaining a new family member via birth, adoption or remarriage.
    3. Major business readjustment.
    4. Retirement.
    5. Major change in financial condition.
    6. Changing to a new type of work.
    7. Getting a new job.
    8. More responsibility at work.
    9. Outstanding personal achievement.
    10. Changes of personal habits (dress, manners, association etc).
    11. Change in residence.
    12. Major change in usual type and/or amount of recreation.
    13. Major change in social activities.
    14. Major change in sleeping habits.
    15. Major change in number of family get-together.
    16. Major change in eating habits.
    17. Christmas and Thanksgiving.

These above items are adapted from the Holmes-Rahe Life Events Stress Scale, also called the Social Readjustment Rating Scale (SRRS). To read and score yourself on the full life version:

Holmes Rahe Stress Inventory

This scale was developed by Dr. Thomas H. Holmes and Dr. Richard H. Rahe. It examines the stress factors in your life and the likelihood of stress related illness or accident. All of these variables can cause upset and stress and may result in your feeling “out of balance”, and unable to cope effectively with the situation.

Transitions That Cause Stress In Sport

Now on to the sport-specific examples of life events that can make you feel “not yourself”. How many of these transitions have you been experiencing in the last year? With even just a handful of these you can feel out of balance and pressured.

    1. Moving to a higher level of competition.
    2. You used to be a big fish in a little pond. Now you’re a little fish in a big pond.
    3. You used to have lots of status, but now, you’re just another journeyman player who no one knows.
    4. Playing under a new coach.
    5. Playing under a new coaching staff.
    6. Playing under a far more demanding coaching staff.
    7. The coach is not paying attention to you.
    8. The coach does not give you enough feedback.
    9. The coach gives plenty of feedback, but it’s either negative or confusing.
    10. The coach forces you to play their way, and they don’t allow you to use your former technique, so you’re in limbo and you’ve lost your confidence.
    11. The coach is not praising you.
    12. The coach is not playing you.
    13. The coach does not believe in you.
    14. The coach does not listen to you.
    15. Joining a new team.
    16. Moving from obscurity to public notice.
    17. Moving from being a star to being a back up player.
    18. Playing a new position in your sport.
    19. Playing under new rules and regulations.
    20. Playing on a bigger field, stadium or venue.
    21. Playing in front of larger audiences.
    22. Less contact with your prior, trusted private coach back home.
    23. New practice, training and learning processes and procedures.
    24. Moving up in a new weight class.
    25. Moving up in a new age group.
    26. First time living away from home.
    27. First time living with a roommate.
    28. Living far away from home.
    29. Missing the comforts and routines of home.
    30. Moving from playing for fun to the pressure to win.
    31. Your parents are putting a large financial investment into you and you feel pressure for it to “pay off”.
    32. Less structure academically, requiring better time management and more self-discipline.
    33. Playing at a higher level of team competition for playing time, where teammates are out for themselves more, and not so supportive.
    34. Starting to travel to compete out of town.
    35. Playing with or against people you have admired.
    36. Defending your new ranking or championship or status for the first time.

Answers To These Stressors Caused By Transition

Coaches will often tell the athlete experiencing stress from these situations, “Grow up and accept your new reality”. This is true, and for some young adults, this works. For most other young people, it fails. They still are confused, they feel out of sorts, they’ve lost their mojo and they doubt whether they really have what it takes to succeed any longer. They wonder where that great athlete they used to be in high school went off to. They feel alienated and beat down. They’ve lost their way.

This is where I come in. I help these talented athletes regain their bearings. I help them realize how good they STILL are. I help them calm down, focus and buckle back down to developing themselves as an athlete so they can succeed at this new, higher level.

I help them see the situation in perspective, and I help them view it as a growth experience. It absolutely is an opportunity to be a stronger, more resourceful person.

I help them find their way again.

“Change is the essence of life. Be willing to surrender what you are for what you could become.”
Anonymous

Copyright © 2004 – 2017 Bill Cole, MS, MA. All rights reserved.

visit www.SportsPsychologyCoaching.com.

Bill Cole, MS, MA, a leading authority on sports psychology, peak performance, mental toughness and coaching, is founder and CEO of William B. Cole Consultants, a consulting firm that helps sports teams and individuals achieve more success. He is also the Founder and President of the International Mental Game Coaching Association, an organization dedicated to advancing the research, development, professionalism and growth of mental game coaching worldwide. He is a multiple Hall-Of-Fame honoree as an athlete, coach and school alumnus, an award-winning scholar-athlete, published author of books and articles, and has coached at the highest levels of major-league pro sports and big-time college athletics.

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Myths About Sports Psychology

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Myths About Sports Psychology

History shows that in 1920 the world’s first sport psychology laboratory was founded in Berlin Germany. Soon after that another laboratory began in Russia, and in 1925 America’s first sport psychologist Coleman Griffith founded the first sport psychology laboratory in North America at the University of Illinois. He wrote the first sport psychology book published, The Psychology of Coaching, in 1926.

From the first days of sports psychology in the 1920’s there have been controversies, misunderstandings and myths surrounding this fascinating field. Sports psychology, while more accepted than ever, and utilized at the highest levels of sport, still carries a stigma in the eyes of some athletes and coaches.

This article examines the many myths about sports psychology that still exist, separates fact from fiction, and attempts to dispel many of them. It answers some of these critical questions about the field:

  1. How does sports psychology work?
  2. Who can benefit from working with a sports psychologist?
  3. What are the approaches and techniques of sports psychology?
  4. What misinformation about sports psychology exists?

It is hoped that this article will lead to broader and more robust discussions around the values, ethics, processes and future of sports psychology.

32 Myths About Sports Psychology

1.MYTH:All Sports Have The Same Type And Degree Of Psychological Demands.
FACT:Different sports have differing degrees and types of mental requirements for success. Perhaps every competitor would say that their sport is very mentally demanding, and it is true that each sport has its own specific mental requirements. Athletes who are mentally strong in one sport perhaps often could not imagine themselves handling the mental challenges in another.

A sport like weight lifting, for example, is clearly less mental than a complicated sport like competitive tennis. Tennis incorporates complex strategies and tactics, is played over a longer time frame, has deception, and is a high-technique sport, requiring many hours of learning and grooving strokes.

Which sports are “more mental” than others? And how would one measure this? One somewhat objective measure of which sports seem to be the most mentally demanding could be based on the volume of literature on the psychological aspects of the sport. This may demonstrate the degree of difficulty in learning and mastering the mental demands of the sport. Two sports stand out in this respect. Golf has, by far, the most books and articles written about the “mental side” of the game, with tennis a close second. It seems reasonable to say that individual sports create the most mental hazards and internal pressures on a performer, far more than team sports. There is no place to hide, and the winning and losing belongs only to the individual. These sports are also usually more technique-laden and hence subject to mental interference issues.

2.MYTH:Sports Are At Least “90% Mental” At Higher Skill Levels.
FACT:Yogi Berra, the legendary baseball great, was known to once say, “Baseball is 90% mental — the other half is physical.” So much for mathematical science. It is true that in the upper levels of a sport, the mental game becomes more critical. After all, beginners in a sport are simply struggling to achieve a basic competence in physical skills. Thinking about complex game strategies and competitive psychological issues are the least of their concerns.

Another common statistic (spoken with such conviction as to sound downright scientific) thrown around is that humans use only 10% of their brain power. How can anyone possibly measure or prove a statement like this? Because these percentage-based statements are impossible to verify, they add little credible discourse to sport psychology.

Here, though, is one never-ending oddity. If at least 90% of all athletes and coaches state that the mental arena is vital, and absolutely critical at the higher reaches of a sport, then why do they also admit that they rarely practice mental skills? Perhaps they don’t know how to practice these skills, or are not psychologically minded enough to seek assistance in this area. There still remains, in many sports, a stigma associated with an athlete who is “too mental”. That’s unfortunate.

3.MYTH:The Mental Game Always Makes The Difference Between Two Otherwise Equal Athletes In A Competition.
FACT:It has been said that if two athletes are equal in physical skill and physical conditioning, and in experience, then the factor that makes the difference between winning and losing is mental. Indeed, it is said, at the higher levels of a sport, the mental game is often the deciding factor, because most athletes are equal in their technical and physical abilities. Experienced coaches, players and commentators make this statement all the time. This is not particularly insightful, but rather, a tautology, an error of logic. Clearly, the mental game makes the difference when all other factors are equal.
4.MYTH:Sports Psychology Is Only For Athletes Who Are Mentally Weak.
FACT:The term “mentally weak” implies there is an inherently defective or temporarily fragile mental quality in an athlete. This is not a helpful or accurate statement, as many elite athletes who are quite mentally strong still seek the services of sport psychologists on a regular basis. This is one of the most pervasive and damaging of the many myths about sport psychology. Think for a moment. Why does Tiger Woods continuously have a golf coach on his staff? His game is not “weak or broken”. He works with a coach so he can continue to improve, and to minimize any backsliding. The same is true with athletes who seek the services of sport psychologists. They want to improve their mental skills.
5.MYTH:Sports Psychology Works With Athletes Who Are Mentally Ill.
FACT:The definition of mental illness implies there is a serious psychological disorder present. Sports psychology is, in part, focused on the performance deficits of a person’s sport experience. There certainly are athletes with mental illness who need the care of a clinical psychologist or psychiatrist and who continue to participate in sport, but mainstream sport psychology does not focus on or work with individuals who are mentally ill. These individuals are referred to a proper mental health professional. Athletes who are mentally healthy are the focus of sport psychologists. An athlete who needs help improving mental skills undertakes sport psychology training from an educational perspective, not a mental health one.
6.MYTH:Sports Psychology Can’t Make A Loser Into A Winner.
FACT:Labeling people as losers is not a helpful endeavor. However, countless individuals and teams with a record of predominating losses have started winning with the help of sports psychology.
7.MYTH:Sports Psychology Can’t Change The Innate Mental Abilities Of An Athlete.
FACT:Sports psychology can help athletes achieve results far beyond what they ever thought possible. It can elevate people to levels of performance about which they never would have dreamed. What is considered innately limited and intractable can, indeed, be surpassed.
8.MYTH:Sports Psychology Is A Quick Fix.
FACT:While sports psychology often can work quickly after a single session, for more powerful, more consistent and longer-term benefits to accrue, extended and dedicated study and application of the content and tools of this field are needed.
9.MYTH:Sports Psychology Is Only For Elite Performers.
FACT:Any level, age, gender and sport can benefit from the discipline of sports psychology. Parents, coaches and officials also can benefit. Sports psychology covers the entire range of sport and movement behavior and offers assistance to anyone desiring high quality experiences in these realms.
10.MYTH:Sports Psychology Can Work By Simply Reading About It.
FACT:Having a cognitive, conceptual understanding of sport psychology is important, but this alone is not sufficient to help an athlete consistently perform under pressure. The principles of sports psychology need to be practiced, used in actual game conditions and mastered before they can be called upon in a reliable manner day to day under competitive conditions.
11.MYTH:Sports Psychology Can Guarantee A Top Performance Will Happen On Command.
FACT:No one discipline, technique or method can guarantee that an athlete can perform on command or win on command. There are too many intangibles and factors other than psychological with which to contend.
12.MYTH:Sports Psychology Is Simply About “Hypnotizing” The Athlete.
FACT:Even though hypnotism and self-hypnotic approaches are important tools employed by some sports psychologists, these methods are not the main crux of the field’s interventions.
13.MYTH:Sports Psychology Takes Control Away From The Athlete And Places It Into The Hands Of The Sport Psychologist.
FACT:It is a common misconception that someone “hypnotizes” the athlete and makes him or her act contrary to natural desires or values. No one should control the athlete. Rather, the sports psychologist teaches the athlete to have more self-awareness, self-esteem and self-control. The athlete’s self-control should increase, not decrease.
14.MYTH:Sports Psychology Requires Religious Belief To Be Effective.
FACT:Sports psychology does not embrace any religion or require any religious belief to be effective.
15.MYTH:Sports Psychology Is Based On Far Eastern Mystical Philosophies, And The Athlete Must Become An Adherent Of These To Gain Any Benefit.
FACT:Sports psychology does not embrace or represent any philosophical tradition or theories of any individual guru. Some of the approaches and philosophies in sports psychology do originate from historical eastern traditions such as Zen Buddhism, but there is no requirement for any belief or any faith-based declarations by any athlete. Modern sports psychology is based on sound, researched science, and proven by studies and field work with thousands of athletes at all levels of sport.
16.MYTH:Sports Psychology Is Incompatible With An Athlete’s Religious Beliefs.
FACT:Sport psychology is not affiliated with, or based on, any religion. Meditation, visualization, relaxation training and other sport psychology modalities have nothing to do with any belief system or religion and they can be used by anyone.
17.MYTH:Sports Psychology Requires Long Hours Of Training To See Any Positive Effects.
FACT:Some benefits can be realized immediately in sports psychology. Other techniques need more time. A good formula to consider is this: If a mental problem has been long standing, it probably won’t be corrected overnight. Furthermore, the higher the degree of performance outcome desired, the more rigorous is the work needed in the mental arena.
18.MYTH:Sports Psychology Only Works With Athletes With Special Mental Powers.
FACT:A good sports psychologist takes athletes from whatever psychological capabilities they possess and develops their mental games beyond that level. There is no requirement that an athlete already have a strong mental game, or any particular psychological prowess to benefit from mental training.
19MYTH:Sports Psychology Works Best With Highly Skilled Athletes.
FACT:All levels of athletes, in all sports, can benefit from sport psychology. Elite athletes probably get the most press and publicity as users of sports psychology. Truly, they can benefit more from psychological training than pure novices because beginners must first learn the basics of technique, strategy and tactics, and how to play their sport before they can benefit from a high degree of mental training.
20.MYTH:Sports Psychology Training Takes The Place Of Physical Conditioning And Sports Skills.
FACT:No amount of psychological training can overcome poor sports technique and inadequate physical conditioning. As Vic Braden, famed tennis coach says, “If you have lousy strokes, and a positive attitude, you’ll still just be a happy loser.” Sport psychology is an adjunct to other sports training, not a replacement for it. No amount of mental training can ever take the place of hard work and dedication to learning the physical skills and strategic mastery of the sport.
21.MYTH:All Sports Psychology Techniques Work Equally Well For All Athletes, And All Performance Issues.
FACT:Not all sports psychology methodologies are recommended for all problems, sports, teams or individual athletes. For example, the public considers visualization to be one of the most commonly utilized techniques in sports psychology, yet it has been estimated that fewer than 60% of athletes can benefit from it. Some athletes are unable to generate imagery at all, even after extensive training.
22.MYTH:There Is A Single Methodology Or System In Sports Psychology That Works Well For All Athletes.
FACT:There is no single technique or modality that works equally well across the board in sports psychology, for all athletes, for all issues. Just as the field of medicine has various specialties and modalities to address the multitudinous issues that patients present, sports psychology has an array of interventions that can be customized to adapt to the wide variety of psychological issues athletes face.
23.MYTH:Sports Psychology Uses The Same Approach And Methods As Psychotherapy.
FACT:Although sports psychology uses many of the same methods and approaches as psychotherapy, the aims, purposes and outcomes are quite different. Sports psychology at its core is essentially an educational approach, while psychotherapy is a therapeutic one.
24.MYTH:Sports Psychology Seeks To Change The Athlete’s Personality To Improve Performance.
FACT:It is a stretch to say that intensive psychotherapy itself, much less sports psychology, will change anyone’s basic personality and temperament. Sports psychology does not aim to alter a person’s personality, but one of its goals is to take the performance aspects of the athlete’s mind and body and maximize their natural talents.
25.MYTH:Sports Psychology Seeks To Change The Athlete’s Personality To Make It Match The Ideal Profile Of A Specific Sport.
FACT:There are a variety of personality and temperament profiles of champions and high performers in every sport. Top achievers have ranged from introverts to extroverts, organized to disorganized, intelligent to average intelligence, socializers to loners, etc. This range of personalities and mental capabilities in successful athletes leads to the conclusion that there is no one ideal character type, personality type or temperament profile in any sport, or sports.
26.MYTH:Sports Psychology Has Its Own Methods And Does Not Use Clinical, Counseling Or Psychotherapeutic Modalities And Techniques.
FACT:Every helping profession– consulting, teaching, counseling, psychotherapy, coaching and others– uses techniques and approaches from multiple disciplines. No single people-helping profession can claim proprietary possession of any particular technique that can enhance performance. Sports psychology is no exception. Delivered correctly, it is an eclectic blend of many disciplines and fields.
27.MYTH:The Core Of Sports Psychology Is Visualization And Positive Thinking.
FACT:Many people think these two approaches are the crux of sports psychology, and perhaps these are among the best known interventions, but they are only two of many approaches to improving sport performance.
28.MYTH:Sports Psychology Can Cure Anyone’s Mental Difficulties And Make Them Perform Better.
FACT:Quite often sports psychology can be the powerful tool that helps people overcome their mental and emotional blocks and rise to higher levels of performance. However, sometimes a referral to a clinical psychologist or psychiatrist is appropriate, if the problems a player presents are outside the scope of the work of the sports psychologist. Sports psychology, while very effective, can not help everyone, or every situation.
29.MYTH:The Sports Psychologist Takes Charge When Working With A Team.
FACT:The Head Coach and coaching staff are in charge of the team. The sports psychologist works for the Head Coach, and in conjunction with the coaching staff. Ideally, the relationship is a collaborative one that serves the best interests of the team and coaches, individually and collectively.
30.MYTH:A Sports Psychologist Should Work With An Athlete When The Parents Ask, In Spite Of Objections From The Athlete.
FACT:This is a recipe for disaster. A relationship that begins on a coerced, negative or manipulative basis has little hope of being beneficial. Even if the parents have the best of intentions, the child should be allowed to enter into sports psychology coaching freely if any substantive progress is to be made.
31.MYTH:Sports Psychology Can Overcome Physical, Strategic, Nutritional, Work Ethic, And Other Factors To Make An Athlete Succeed.
FACT:Sports psychology is but only one approach to helping athletes succeed. It alone can’t overcome deficiencies in the above areas.
32.MYTH:Sports Psychology Fosters An Athlete’s Dependency On The Sport Psychologist.
FACT:The goal of any sports psychology consultant should be to minimize dependency as quickly as possible. That means the consultant’s sports knowledge and mental skills should be transferred by teaching the client a self-coaching skill set. The client should become autonomous and able to function at a high level independently of the consultant.

Sports psychology is a field with huge potential, one that can provide untold benefits to people as they experience sports and physical activity. It can help people maximize their sport experiences and bring more meaning to their lives through higher quality experiences in sports, fitness, health, and movement.

Every discipline and field of human endeavor labors under numerous myths and misunderstandings. Sports psychology is no exception. This article’s purpose is to examine the many myths in the field, deepen understandings, explain some of the misunderstandings present and generate healthy discussion. Hopefully this discussion will continue, and the author welcomes continued dialogue, inquiries and additions to this list of myths.

For additional information on this topic, see a list of Best Sports Psychology books, as recommended by Bill Cole on Amazon.com.

To learn about sports psychology coaching services offered by Bill Cole, MS, MA, the Mental Game Coach™, visit www.SportsPsychologyCoaching.com.

Copyright © 2005-2008 Bill Cole, MS, MA. All rights reserved.

Bill Cole, MS, MA, a leading authority on sports psychology, peak performance, mental toughness and coaching, is founder and CEO of William B. Cole Consultants, a consulting firm that helps sports teams and individuals achieve more success. He is also the Founder and President of the International Mental Game Coaching Association, an organization dedicated to advancing the research, development, professionalism and growth of mental game coaching worldwide. He is a multiple Hall-Of-Fame honoree as an athlete, coach and school alumnus, an award-winning scholar-athlete, published author of books and articles, and has coached at the highest levels of major-league pro sports and big-time college athletics.

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The rise of female UFC fighters obscures profound exploitation, inequality

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Rise of female UFC fighters

Jennifer McClearen, University of Texas at Austin

The mixed martial arts pay-per-view event UFC 261 features two bouts that would have been unheard of just 10 years ago.

Russian-born Valentina Shevchenko will fight Jessica Andrade, a Brazilian and an out lesbian, for the women’s flyweight title on April 24, 2021. That same night, Rose Namajunas, an American of Lithuanian descent, will square off against Zhang Weili, who has caused the popularity of the UFC to surge in her native China, for the women’s strawweight title.

The rise of women in mixed martial arts – which the late Sen. John McCain once derided as “human cockfighting” – is remarkable, and reflects the diversity and global appeal of the sport.

But as I write in my new book, “Fighting Visibility: Sports Women and Female Athletes in the UFC,” it’s important for fans and spectators to look beneath the sheen of gender parity.

While women may glow under the bright lights of the Octagon, exploitation and deep inequalities persist.

Ronda Rousey, trailblazer

In 2011, UFC president Dana White famously said that the promotion company would “never” include female fighters. However a year later, the UFC signed Ronda Rousey for a “six-month experiment” in women’s MMA.

It paid off.

Rousey became a star unparalleled in women’s combat sports history. By 2015, she was the UFC’s highest-paid athlete – male or female. Even though Rousey retired from MMA long ago, the UFC continues to court fans by promoting its women fighters.

Lawrence Epstein, the UFC’s chief operating officer, recently told sports business publication Sportico that female athletes are a “huge growth engine” that brings in different audiences for the company. He noted that featuring women had grown the “female fan base” in ways that have “been transformative to the UFC.”

The UFC’s interest in promoting women has been rare in a sporting landscape that regularly objectifies, trivializes or downright ignores sportswomen and their fans.

Selling a message of empowerment

The phrase “representation matters” is popular across an array of brands and platforms today, and consumers are ready to invest in companies that promote women’s and girls’ empowerment – including a stereotypically hypermasculine brand like the UFC.

The UFC has come to understand the power of promoting diverse female athletes for expanding their market and boosting profits. This doesn’t absolve them from the sexism, racism, xenophobia or transphobia that has characterized the promotion over the years. But it does show that the UFC is willing to give women a platform and sell a message of empowerment.

The promotion often depicts female fighters as heroines who, against all odds, have broken barriers in MMA and in sports more broadly.

Seeing women be successful in the sport gives an impression that anything is possible and all the challenges female fighters have faced are behind them.

So yes, representation matters, and female fighters have, relative to other sports, high levels of exposure, especially given that just 4% of all global sports media coverage features female athletes.

But, as retired UFC fighter Julie Kedzie recently told me, “It’s not enough to shatter the glass ceiling. You have to clear the glass.”

In other words, just because women are in the UFC, it doesn’t mean that they’re treated fairly.

Representation doesn’t end exploitation

The UFC likes to boast that it is unlike any other sport, because female athletes can make as much as men. However, when taking Ronda Rousey out of the equation, there is little evidence to support this.

The UFC isn’t a publicly traded company – at least not yet – so it doesn’t have to disclose athlete pay. Due to the difficulty of obtaining a full picture of fighter pay,the UFC can continue to make claims of parity.

However, most estimates put fighter pay at 10% to 20% of the UFC’s overall revenue, with the bulk of that distributed toward UFC champions and stars – most of whom are men. As a comparison, NFL and NBA players receive around 50% of revenue the leagues take in.

In my research, I obtained a snapshot of fighter pay from some state athletic commissions. Although the picture is incomplete because not all states or countries require the UFC to disclose fighter pay, the data made available to me suggest that the median payout for female fighters is 68% of what male fighters earn.

Fighting can be lucrative for some. But when compared with an MMA empire worth billions of dollars, the reward for individual fighters can seem minuscule – especially when taking into account the mental and physical toll of the sport.

A ‘climate of fear’

Part of the issue around pay inequality is that the UFC has successfully thwarted fighters’ efforts to unionize and create a path for collective bargaining.

The UFC saves a lot of money because their fighters are independent contractors. This means that fighters must pay for things leagues and teams typically cover in other sports. They fund their own training and coaching, health care, management, retirement investments, recovery therapies and taxes out of their UFC payouts or income from other jobs.

This means that outside of the handful of UFC stars, many fighters struggle to make ends meet.

In my book I interview former UFC fighters Leslie Smith and Kajan Johnson, who tried to organize fighters before the organization ended its relationships with both athletes. They contend that the UFC treats fighters as employees and incorrectly classifies them as independent contractors. For example, fighters have to submit to random drug testing and wear UFC partners’ apparel for their fights, which is atypical of contractual relationships. Smith and Johnson believe that unionization is the best chance fighters have to gain more agency, pay and health care.

Lucas Middlebrook, a labor attorney who advised Smith and Johnson, told me that despite the promise of unionizing, “UFC fighters are proving to be a really difficult group to organize.”

“The reason for that,” he continued, “is the climate of fear that’s been created by the UFC. The amount of control that the UFC exerts over these fighters has done just that. It has created this perfect storm of fear of retaliation.”

A union would benefit all UFC fighters, but women and people of color have historically gained the most from unionizing efforts because unions decrease pay gaps and work inequities.

[Over 100,000 readers rely on The Conversation’s newsletter to understand the world. Sign up today.]

If you tune into the Weili vs. Namajunas or Shevchenko vs. Andrade bouts, you’ll see an MMA master clinic from women who wouldn’t have been allowed in the UFC a decade ago.

But will Shevchenko get paid to win what Jorge Masvidal – a male athlete also fighting for a title – would be paid to lose?

I wouldn’t bet on it.

Increased visibility of female athletes is important. But the feel-good mantra of “representation matters” cannot hide the fact that female fighters – and male fighters, for that matter – deserve better working conditions and pay in the UFC.The Conversation

Jennifer McClearen, Assistant Professor of Media Studies, University of Texas at Austin

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.

 

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